How to Safely Harvest and Use Stinging Nettles


Stinging nettles are packed with vitamins and minerals and grow abundantly throughout North America (and the world!) Learn about the many benefits of foraging for stinging nettles as well as how to identify, harvest and prepare them without getting stung! When it comes to increasing your self-sufficiency, taking control of your food supply and nutrition, saving your hard earned money and even knowing how to survive in an emergency situation, there’s perhaps no more valuable, all-encompassing skill than learning to forage for wild edibles.

Wild edibles are the earliest form of food (and medicine) known to man. Human beings used to hunt and forage for all of their food long before farming was invented, and certainly before markets and grocery stores stocked everything we could ever want or need on their shelves. Our species literally owes our very existence to this valuable skill.

Today, we most often turn to stores and perhaps even to our own gardens for food and medicine. But wild edibles still exist all around us and are just waiting to be harvested and put to good use. The biggest problem is that many of us lack the traditional knowledge we need to know what wild plants are edible, where to find them, how to identify them, how to harvest them safely and responsibly, and how use them to our full advantage.

Luckily this knowledge hasn’t completely disappeared, and as people are taking a growing interest in health and self-sufficiency, foraging is becoming popular once again. And with the advent of the Internet, more people are sharing their knowledge and learning from others, just as we’re doing here today!

There are so many wild edibles that can be foraged across North America, including all sorts of edible mushrooms, berries and “weeds,” but perhaps one of the easiest and most valuable plants to learn how to harvest is the humble (yet slightly intimidating) stinging nettle.

 

Related: Homemade Tree Tip Syrup

 

Health benefits of stinging nettles

Stinging nettles are both highly nutritional and medicinal. They’re packed with vitamins and minerals, including vitamins A, C, B and K, iron, calcium, magnesium and potassium, among others. 

Studies have shown that stinging nettles can help with everything from allergy relief and boosting immunity to joint pain and eczema. But there are many other health benefits of stinging nettles as well, some that we are only just discovering. In any case, it pays to learn how to forage and use these amazing “weeds!”

 

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How to find and identify stinging nettles 

Stinging nettles are one of the first wild edibles that you can forage for in the spring. Even if you still have some snow on the ground, stinging nettles may already be popping up (as they did here this year when we got an early spring snowfall). While they can certainly be harmful to touch, they’re rich in vitamins and minerals and can be consumed without worry when cooked or dried.

Stinging nettles are packed with vitamins and minerals and grow abundantly throughout North America (and the world!) Learn about the many benefits of foraging for stinging nettles as well as how to identify, harvest and prepare them without getting stung!

Stinging nettles grow wild across North America (and across many other continents), and can be found growing in thick, dense patches in rich, moist soils, usually along waterways like rivers, lakes, ditches and streams, or along fence lines and on the edges properties. 

They tend to pop up in the early spring and grow throughout the summer, eventually reaching heights of up to 8 feet tall! They are best harvested in the spring when they are under a foot tall and when the leaves are new and tender. While they can be harvested in the summer, the leaves will be thicker and stems will be much more stringy and woody.

It’s quite easy to identify stinging nettles once you know what you’re looking for. I struggled to identify them for a couple years until I found a patch and confirmed that it was indeed a stinging nettle patch. Now that I have experience harvesting it, I know exactly what to look for (and you will too).

The plant itself has a pretty distinct shape and design. The leaves are pointed at the tips and serrated along the outer edges (like a serrated kitchen knife). The base of the leaves are sort of heart-shaped and they grow in pairs opposite one another, alternating in direction along the length of the stem.

Stinging nettles are packed with vitamins and minerals and grow abundantly throughout North America (and the world!) Learn about the many benefits of foraging for stinging nettles as well as how to identify, harvest and prepare them without getting stung!

The leaves and stems are covered in tiny hairs (which is where the sting comes from), and the stems are sort of square-shaped rather than perfectly round, and hollow in the centre.

Stinging nettles are packed with vitamins and minerals and grow abundantly throughout North America (and the world!) Learn about the many benefits of foraging for stinging nettles as well as how to identify, harvest and prepare them without getting stung!

They also grow in dense patches, which is another giveaway that you’ve found nettles and not some other look-alike. 

Stinging nettles are packed with vitamins and minerals and grow abundantly throughout North America (and the world!) Learn about the many benefits of foraging for stinging nettles as well as how to identify, harvest and prepare them without getting stung!

But if you want to be 100% sure… Just touch them! If they sting, you’ve hit the jackpot 🙂 Don’t worry too much about the sting. While you wouldn’t necessarily want to fall into a patch, a bit of a sting on your hand won’t kill you. (Don’t get me wrong… It will be quite irritating for a while, but it’s not the worst thing in the world).

 

How to harvest stinging nettles

Due to their trademark sting, you want to take extra precautions when harvesting stinging nettles. For starters, always wear gloves, and not just thin, gardening gloves: make sure they’re thick garden or work gloves that the stinging hairs can’t penetrate. You should also wear long sleeves and pants and closed shoes rather than sandals. Basically cover up as much as possible any body parts that might come into contact with the nettles. 

Stinging nettles are packed with vitamins and minerals and grow abundantly throughout North America (and the world!) Learn about the many benefits of foraging for stinging nettles as well as how to identify, harvest and prepare them without getting stung!

While some seasoned nettle foragers swear by foraging with their bare hands (there is some evidence that stings from stinging nettles can actually help to prevent and treat arthritis), I don’t recommend it. There is also evidence that consuming stinging nettles has a positive effect on arthritis, so personally I’d rather save my skin and enjoy them steeped in a cup of tea or sautéed on my plate instead:)

 

Related: How to Harness the Healing Powers of Calendula

 

Once you’re all geared up with gloves, etc., harvest nettles by either cutting or pinching them off just above a set of leaves. Much like basil, nettles will produce new shoots if they are harvested just above a set of leaves. I usually harvest the top three to four sets of leaves and leave the rest of the plant as the lower leaves and stems are tougher and woodier anyway.

Place stinging nettles in a basket of paper bag (somewhere they can breathe and won’t get moldy while waiting to be cooked or dried) and head on back to your kitchen to prepare them!

 

Related: The Easy Way to Grow, Harvest & Preserve Basil

 

How to use, prepare and preserve stinging nettles

First thing’s first: Give your stinging nettles a good wash to ensure there are no bugs, dirt or any other possible residue on them. Do this with gloves!

Stinging nettles are packed with vitamins and minerals and grow abundantly throughout North America (and the world!) Learn about the many benefits of foraging for stinging nettles as well as how to identify, harvest and prepare them without getting stung!

I pour a sink full of cold water and dunk batches of stinging nettles in the water and swish them around real good. Then I let them dry completely in the drying rack or pick off the leaves and throw them in a salad spinner to dry. From here you can either cook them up or dry them out for later use.

Stinging nettles lose their sting when they are either cooked or dried. NEVER EAT THEM RAW! You don’t want to be adding fresh stinging nettles to your salads, but a light sauté is all they need to wilt the stinging hairs and make them edible.

 

Cooking Stinging Nettles

If cooking nettles, steam them or sauté them in a little butter or oil like you would if you were cooking spinach, then add them to soups, pasta or rice dishes or even eat on their own with a little garlic or lemon juice.

You can also blanch them and freeze them for later us. Simply steam them for two minutes until they wilt, then dunk in ice water to stop the cooking process. Next, spin in a salad spinner or lay them on a paper towel for a few minutes to allow excess moisture to run off (I like to fold the paper towel over them and squeeze gently to release the moisture). Then pack tightly in a freezer bag, being careful to squeeze all the air out, and freeze for up to a year.

 

Drying Stinging Nettles

You can also dry stinging nettles to use as tea. The drying process will also cause the sting to disappear. You can either tie them in a bunch and hang upside down like you would with a bunch of herbs, or lay them out to dry, turning them regularly to ensure that no leaves mold if there is still moisture in them. 

Stinging nettles are packed with vitamins and minerals and grow abundantly throughout North America (and the world!) Learn about the many benefits of foraging for stinging nettles as well as how to identify, harvest and prepare them without getting stung!

I lay mine out to dry on one of the metal shelving racks we keep in our sunroom. It’s perfect because it allows air to circulate from all sides, but I still regularly turn them and move them around to ensure air is getting to all of the nettles.

Allow stinging nettles to dry completely (about two weeks will suffice). You could also dry them out in a dehydrator if you have one to speed up the process. If drying in a dehydrator, set the dehydrator to its lowest temperature setting and set it to dry for about 12-15 hours.

Once dried, pick the leaves off of the stems (if you haven’t already) and pack in a jar or bag out of direct sunlight. It’s best to leave the leaves whole and then crumble them up to put in a teapot or tea bag when you’re ready to use them. You can preserve nutrients for longer by keeping the leaves whole.

Stinging nettles are packed with vitamins and minerals and grow abundantly throughout North America (and the world!) Learn about the many benefits of foraging for stinging nettles as well as how to identify, harvest and prepare them without getting stung!

To make tea, crumble a few leaves and steep in a looseleaf teapot, french press or put in a tea bag. Steep for about 5 minutes (longer if you prefer a more potent tea). Then discard or pour out a cup of tea and add a little honey and lemon to enhance the flavour of the tea.

What about you? Do you already use stinging nettles? Do you have any other ideas or suggestions on how to use or preserve them? What else do you forage for? Be sure to let me know in the comments section below!

Wishing you homemade, homegrown, homestead happiness 🙂

P.S. Want more modern homesteading advice and inspiration? Subscribe for FREE to Modern Homesteading Magazine and get our free monthly magazine delivered straight to your inbox! Plus get the latest posts, recipes and all around great content from The House & Homestead sent to you weekly so you never miss a thing:)

 

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12 Comments

  1. Eric Klassen

    Hey Anna, Thanks for the great info. QUESTION: I now have my first experience with gout — left foot/big toe. Don’t know where that’s from but it’s been sore for about 10 days.
    I wish to make nettle tea from the roots. Can I steep them in hot water in the fresh state or do they have to be dried? Also, is nettle tea from the leaves as effective as the root version?

    Reply
    • Ashley Constance

      Hi Eric – when substituting fresh for dried, you just want to use more of the fresh herb (2-3x) to achieve the same potency. Nettle leaves and roots have slightly different properties, so one may be better for what you’re targeting than the other. Maybe do some research on the properties of the leaves vs. the roots and go from there. Good luck!

      Reply
    • Jess

      Eric, I have battled gout for the last 10 years. If you want some info on what I found to be effective I’d be happy to share with you. There is a lot of conflicting advice online. One of the best resources I found was a book online called End of Gout. It discusses diet etc… If you have had one attack it is best to nip it in the bud and change your lifestyle now as the attacks will just get more frequent and debilitating.

      Reply
  2. Bob

    see previous comment. Lost it all on the email line

    Reply
  3. Ron Harmon

    Thanks for sharing this information. I spent my early childhood in the country in the hills of Western Mass and the only thing I knew about this wild plant was that you should avoid it unless you want to get stung! Now my mother came from a farm family of 12 kids, so I bet they knew about the good use of this plant, but it was never told to me. I haven’t seen any of these plants on my property, but if I were to go to the fields, I probably would find some. I must admit that I try to avoid wild fields and meadows to keep from getting ticks which there are many here in TN. I can see how it would be a beneficial plant to find and use. Always great to learn something new!

    Reply
  4. Mila

    I make shampoo bars out of them . It’s an old hair remedy to make your hair strong and beautiful

    Reply
  5. Donna

    Last summer I unwisely ran back to quickly water some garden plants while wearing shorts and sandals. I had to go through a large patch of brushy weeds. After a short time, my legs really started to hurt like I’d been stung by wasps or something! Now I think I know what happened… and this year I will take my sweet revenge on the stinging nettle plants by harvesting and cooking them to eat. Maybe it will even heal the touch of arthritis that has just started affecting my elbows. Thanks for this article!

    Reply
    • Anna Sakawsky

      Yasss! Sweet, sweet revenge:) And once dried or cooked, they’re powerless (and tasty!)

      Reply
  6. tonimarie

    a friend of mine made me some roasted Brussel sprouts with kale. I loved it. when I got home I made some but used stinging nettle instead. I also made creamed asparagus and nettle soup. love this plant! thanks for the article

    Reply
    • Anna Sakawsky

      That sounds delicious!

      Reply
  7. Lana Sajaja

    Hi, yes we use stinging nettles in teas and hydrosol, I usually add 2 tbsp hydrosol ( we get it from Lebanon )to a cup of warm water. It’s an old tradition in the middle east. Even though you don’t eat them raw! we do ?, in the spring when they are fresh and abundant, soaking them in salted water lessens the sting effect.

    Reply
    • Anna Sakawsky

      Oh wow! That is brave!

      Reply

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ABOUT ANNA
Hi! I’m Anna, and I’m a city girl turned modern homesteader who’s passionate about growing, cooking and preserving real food at home, creating my own herbal medicine and all-natural home and body care products, and working toward a simpler, more sustainable and self-sufficient life each and every day. 
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